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Picos, Cape Verde in Africa

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Satellite view of Mount Fogo Featured Picos Image

Satellite view of Mount Fogo

June 10, 2009 - Satellite view of Mount Fogo, a volcanic island in the Republic of Cape Verde of the westernmost tip of Africa. The volcanoa??s most distinctive feature, its nine-kilometer wide caldera, Cha Caldera, is shown in this image. The crater wall in the west towers one kilometer above the crater floor. The eastern half of the crater wall is gone, erased in a massive collapse deep in its ancient history. In the center of the crater, a steep cone named Pico rises about 100 meters above the crater rim (more than a kilometer from the crater floor). The young peak reaches 2, 829 meters (9, 281 feet) above sea level, making it the islanda??s highest point.
Dark trails of hardened lava from the volanoa??s most recent eruptions stream out of the crater east into the Atlantic Ocean. The volcano last erupted in 1995. The sepia stream of lava from that eruption is pooled near the crater rim west of Pico.
Remarkably, the crater is inhabited. A straight road cuts between the crater wall and Pico, ending near the vent that erupted in 1995. Bright white dots on the north side of the crater are villages. Residents of the Cha Caldera evacuated during the eruption

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