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Choleric Collection

"The Choleric Temperament: Exploring the Effects of Sensitivity on Human Types" In 1767

Background imageCholeric Collection: Four Temperaments 16C

Four Temperaments 16C
THE FOUR TEMPERAMENTS - phlegmatic - sanguine - melancholic - choleric

Background imageCholeric Collection: The four humours, 16th century artwork

The four humours, 16th century artwork
The four humours, coloured historical artwork. Here, the head of Christ is surrounded by four male figures, who are personifications of the four humours

Background imageCholeric Collection: The effects of sensitivity on the four different temperaments, documented on four types of people

The effects of sensitivity on the four different temperaments, documented on four types of people
1900s, 19th-century, 4, 5 people, activities, activity, assemble, assembled, assembling, assembly, assorted, black, black-and-white, black-white, bunch of, choleric, communities, contemporary, copy

Background imageCholeric Collection: Choleric temperament, the four different temperaments, documented on human types

Choleric temperament, the four different temperaments, documented on human types
1 person, 1900s, 19th-century, 4, activities, activity, assorted, black, black-and-white, black-white, bunch of, choleric, contemporary, copy, depiction, depictions, different, differing, digital

Background imageCholeric Collection: Sanguine temperament, the four different temperaments, documented on human types

Sanguine temperament, the four different temperaments, documented on human types
1 person, 1900s, 19th-century, 4, activities, activity, assorted, black, black-and-white, black-white, bunch of, choleric, contemporary, copy, depiction, depictions, different, differing, digital

Background imageCholeric Collection: Phlegmatic temperament, the four different temperaments, documented on human types

Phlegmatic temperament, the four different temperaments, documented on human types
1 person, 1900s, 19th-century, 4, activities, activity, assorted, black, black-and-white, black-white, bunch of, choleric, contemporary, copy, depiction, depictions, different, differing, digital

Background imageCholeric Collection: Melancholic temperament, the four different temperaments, documented on human types

Melancholic temperament, the four different temperaments, documented on human types
1 person, 1900s, 19th-century, 4, activities, activity, assorted, black, black-and-white, black-white, bunch of, cheerless, choleric, copy, dejected, depiction, depictions, different, differing

Background imageCholeric Collection: The four temperaments, the four different temperaments, documented on human types

The four temperaments, the four different temperaments, documented on human types
1900s, 19th-century, 4, 4 people, activities, activity, assorted, black, black-and-white, black-white, bunch of, choleric, contemporary, copy, depiction, depictions, different, differing, digital

Background imageCholeric Collection: Melancholicus, Melancholia, The four temperaments, the four different temperaments

Melancholicus, Melancholia, The four temperaments, the four different temperaments, documented on human types
1 person, 1900s, 19th-century, 4, assorted, black, black-and-white, black-white, bunch of, choleric, contemporary, copy, depiction, depictions, different, differing, digital, digitally, disappointed

Background imageCholeric Collection: Phlegmaticus, Phlegmatic, The four temperaments, the four different temperaments

Phlegmaticus, Phlegmatic, The four temperaments, the four different temperaments, documented on human types
1 person, 1900s, 19th-century, 4, assorted, attraction, attractions, black, black-and-white, black-white, buddhist, buddhistic, buddhistic temple complex, building, buildings, bunch of, choleric

Background imageCholeric Collection: The Four Humours, from Quinta Essentia by Leonhart Thurneisser zun Thurn

The Four Humours, from Quinta Essentia by Leonhart Thurneisser zun Thurn
CHT237294 The Four Humours, from Quinta Essentia by Leonhart Thurneisser zun Thurn (1531-95/6) published in Leipzig, 1574 (engraving) (b/w photo) by German School

Background imageCholeric Collection: Allegory of Philosophy, 1502 (engraving) (b / w photo)

Allegory of Philosophy, 1502 (engraving) (b / w photo)
CHT223919 Allegory of Philosophy, 1502 (engraving) (b/w photo) by DAorer or Duerer, Albrecht (1471-1528); Bibliotheque des Arts Decoratifs, Paris

Background imageCholeric Collection: Choleric Rage, illustration from The Works of Hippocrates, 1934 (colour litho)

Choleric Rage, illustration from The Works of Hippocrates, 1934 (colour litho)
STC445984 Choleric Rage, illustration from The Works of Hippocrates, 1934 (colour litho) by Kuhn-Regnier, Joseph (1873-1940); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageCholeric Collection: Philosophia, 1502 (1906). Artist: Albrecht Durer

Philosophia, 1502 (1906). Artist: Albrecht Durer
Philosophia, 1502 (1906). From Durer Des Meisters Gemalde Kupferstiche und Holzschnitte in 471 Abbildungen [Stuttgart und Leipzig, Deutsch Verlags-Ansalt, 1906]

Background imageCholeric Collection: The four humours, diagram

The four humours, diagram
The four humours. Diagram showing the relationship between the four humours, basic qualities of the body and its diseases, and nature and the seasons

Background imageCholeric Collection: The choleric temperament (the fire element), Hugo de Groot, Jacob de Gheyn (II)

The choleric temperament (the fire element), Hugo de Groot, Jacob de Gheyn (II), 1596 - 1597

Background imageCholeric Collection: Mars (Greek Ares) Roman god of war. A male planet, hot and fiery. Those born under

Mars (Greek Ares) Roman god of war. A male planet, hot and fiery. Those born under Mars had a choleric temperament. The planets metal was iron, its season Summer

Background imageCholeric Collection: Four Humors with their animals

Four Humors with their animals
The Four Humors with their representative animals. Choleric, with lion: Sanguine, with ape: Phlegmatic, with sheep: Melancholic, with pig

Background imageCholeric Collection: Fludds system of health

Fludds system of health. 17th century engraving depicting the healthy man (centre) surrounded by archangels within the fortress of the body

Background imageCholeric Collection: Four Temperaments

Four Temperaments
THE FOUR TEMPERAMENTS - phlegmatic - sanguine - melancholic - choleric


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"The Choleric Temperament: Exploring the Effects of Sensitivity on Human Types" In 1767, Germany witnessed a groundbreaking study that documented the four different temperaments found in human beings. Among these temperaments was the choleric temperament, known for its fiery and passionate nature. The study, conducted by renowned scholars, aimed to understand how sensitivity affected individuals with distinct personality traits. Alongside the choleric temperament, three other temperaments were explored - sanguine, phlegmatic, and melancholic. Through meticulous observation and analysis of various human types, this historical research shed light on the unique characteristics exhibited by each temperament. The sanguine temperament displayed an optimistic and sociable nature; the phlegmatic temperament showcased calmness and introversion; while the melancholic temperament revealed introspection and sensitivity. However, it was the choleric temperament that captivated researchers due to its intense energy and assertiveness. These individuals possessed a natural inclination towards leadership roles but were also prone to outbursts of anger or frustration when faced with obstacles. Digitally restored images from this era provide glimpses into these findings. From engravings depicting allegories of philosophy to illustrations showcasing choleric rage from ancient medical works like Hippocrates', they offer visual representations of this fascinating research. This exploration into the four humours not only deepened our understanding of human psychology but also paved the way for future studies in personality development. It served as a cornerstone for modern psychology's understanding of individual differences based on innate dispositions. Today we continue to draw upon these historical insights as we navigate interpersonal dynamics within ourselves and others. The legacy left behind by those early German scholars reminds us that our personalities are complex tapestries woven from various threads – including our inherent sensitivities shaped by centuries-old observations.