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City Of Calcutta Collection

"Exploring the Rich Heritage and History of the City of Calcutta" Step into the enchanting world of Calcutta, a city steeped in history and culture

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Sir Acquin Martin (engraving)

Sir Acquin Martin (engraving)
1056490 Sir Acquin Martin (engraving) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Sir Acquin Martin)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Map of Hoogly River, c.1777 (engraving)

Map of Hoogly River, c.1777 (engraving)
7339428 Map of Hoogly River, c.1777 (engraving) by British School, (18th Century); 20.5x32.5 cm; National Maritime Museum, London, UK; (add.info.: Creator: Lacam, Benjamin Single sheet. Hand col)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Old Court House Street, Kolkata, (formally Calcutta), India

Old Court House Street, Kolkata, (formally Calcutta), India
7301611 Old Court House Street, Kolkata, (formally Calcutta), India; Private Collection; (add.info.: Old Court House Street, Kolkata, (formally Calcutta), India in the 1860s

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The clipper Matilda Wattenboch, to commemorate its launch in 1853

The clipper Matilda Wattenboch, to commemorate its launch in 1853
MMM5465894 The clipper Matilda Wattenboch, to commemorate its launch in 1853; National Maritime Museum, London, UK; (add.info.: To commemorate its launch in 1853)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The Black Hole of Calcutta, 1870 (engraving)

The Black Hole of Calcutta, 1870 (engraving)
5616291 The Black Hole of Calcutta, 1870 (engraving); (add.info.: Illustration titled The Black Hole of Calcutta'. In 1756 the Fort at Calcutta was overwhelmed)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Calcutta, India (colour litho)

Calcutta, India (colour litho)
8641580 Calcutta, India (colour litho) by Maxwell, Donald (1877-1936) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Calcutta, India)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Job Charnock founding Calcutta, 1690 (litho)

Job Charnock founding Calcutta, 1690 (litho)
8660969 Job Charnock founding Calcutta, 1690 (litho) by Burton, H. M. (20th Century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Job Charnock founding Calcutta, 1690)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The East India Company trading ship Euphrate, built in Liverpool (England) in 1834

The East India Company trading ship Euphrate, built in Liverpool (England) in 1834
MMM5465148 The East India Company trading ship Euphrate, built in Liverpool (England) in 1834, by Walters, Samuel (1811-82); National Maritime Museum, London

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The Indiaman ship Trafalgar, off the coast of Dover (England), built in 1848 in Blackwall (England)

The Indiaman ship Trafalgar, off the coast of Dover (England), built in 1848 in Blackwall (England)
MMM5466148 The Indiaman ship Trafalgar, off the coast of Dover (England), built in 1848 in Blackwall (England), for the trip from London to Calcutta (India) by Huggins

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The sale at Calcutta of valuable Government Presents and Lucknow Jewels, 1860 (engraving)

The sale at Calcutta of valuable Government Presents and Lucknow Jewels, 1860 (engraving)
1579515 The sale at Calcutta of valuable Government Presents and Lucknow Jewels, 1860 (engraving); (add.info.: Engraving depicting the sale at Calcutta of valuable Government Presents)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Views of Calcutta (engraving)

Views of Calcutta (engraving)
8676517 Views of Calcutta (engraving) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Views of Calcutta, India)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: View of Calcutta from the Monument (b/w photo)

View of Calcutta from the Monument (b/w photo)
8637003 View of Calcutta from the Monument (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: View of Calcutta from the Monument)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The United Service Club (b/w photo)

The United Service Club (b/w photo)
8637015 The United Service Club (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: The United Service Club)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The Hughli Floating Bridge (b/w photo)

The Hughli Floating Bridge (b/w photo)
8637012 The Hughli Floating Bridge (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: The Hughli Floating Bridge)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Writers Buildings (b/w photo)

Writers Buildings (b/w photo)
8637011 Writers Buildings (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Writers Buildings)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Old Court House Street (b/w photo)

Old Court House Street (b/w photo)
8637010 Old Court House Street (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Old Court House Street)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Great Eastern Hotel (b/w photo)

Great Eastern Hotel (b/w photo)
8637009 Great Eastern Hotel (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Great Eastern Hotel)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The High Court (b/w photo)

The High Court (b/w photo)
8637007 The High Court (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: The High Court)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Calcutta, Le baobab colossal du Jardin botanique (engraving)

Calcutta, Le baobab colossal du Jardin botanique (engraving)
8637544 Calcutta, Le baobab colossal du Jardin botanique (engraving) by French School, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Calcutta, Le baobab colossal du Jardin botanique)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: A Jain Temple (b/w photo)

A Jain Temple (b/w photo)
8649186 A Jain Temple (b/w photo) by English Photographer, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: A Jain Temple. Illustration for Things seen in Northern India by T L Pennell (Seeley)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Young husband of Calcutta (India) - Groom of Calcutta (Kolkata) with turban, skirts

Young husband of Calcutta (India) - Groom of Calcutta (Kolkata) with turban, skirts
FLO4723658 Young husband of Calcutta (India) - Groom of Calcutta (Kolkata) with turban, skirts, slippers and fan - Handcoloured woodcut by L. Lisbet after an illustration by H

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Cremation of the dead in Calcutta, India. Wood engraving, London, 1882

Cremation of the dead in Calcutta, India. Wood engraving, London, 1882
530788 Cremation of the dead in Calcutta, India. Wood engraving, London, 1882.; Universal History Archive/UIG

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Map of Calcutta, c.1900 (engraving)

Map of Calcutta, c.1900 (engraving)
532731 Map of Calcutta, c.1900 (engraving); (add.info.: Map of Calcutta (now Kolkata), circa 1900, from the 10th edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica.); Encyclopaedia Britannica/UIG

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Photocard, 1930s: Calcutta (coloured photo)

Photocard, 1930s: Calcutta (coloured photo)
8671672 Photocard, 1930s: Calcutta (coloured photo) by English Photographer, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Calcutta)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Government House, Calcutta (b/w photo)

Government House, Calcutta (b/w photo)
8637005 Government House, Calcutta (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Government House, Calcutta)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The Mohorrum Procession, Calcutta (b/w photo)

The Mohorrum Procession, Calcutta (b/w photo)
8637016 The Mohorrum Procession, Calcutta (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: The Mohorrum Procession, Calcutta)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Hindu's Ceremonial Bathing (b/w photo)

Hindu's Ceremonial Bathing (b/w photo)
8649204 Hindu's Ceremonial Bathing (b/w photo) by English Photographer, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Hindu's Ceremonial Bathing)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Old Court House, Calcutta (engraving)

Old Court House, Calcutta (engraving)
8647383 Old Court House, Calcutta (engraving) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Old Court House, Calcutta)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: INDIA (c19th). View of Calcutta, 1880 (engraving)

INDIA (c19th). View of Calcutta, 1880 (engraving)
AIS5393318 INDIA (c19th). View of Calcutta, 1880 (engraving); Private Collection; © Lorio / Iberfoto

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The American ferry on the Hooghly River (Ougly or Hughli) in Calcutta (India)

The American ferry on the Hooghly River (Ougly or Hughli) in Calcutta (India)
MMM5483473 The American ferry on the Hooghly River (Ougly or Hughli) in Calcutta (India). Lithograph (31.3x41.2 cm), published by Currier and Ives, 19th century.; National Maritime Museum, London

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Luxury tourism: Western tourists visiting rich families of Kolkata, India

Luxury tourism: Western tourists visiting rich families of Kolkata, India. Late 19th century (chromolithograph)
ELD4844578 Luxury tourism: Western tourists visiting rich families of Kolkata, India. Late 19th century (chromolithograph).; Private Collection; Photo © The Holbarn Archive

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Indian civilization: 22-year-old woman from Calcutta. In 'Dictionnaire universel d'Histoire

Indian civilization: 22-year-old woman from Calcutta. In "Dictionnaire universel d'Histoire naturelle" by
JAB5036740 Indian civilization: 22-year-old woman from Calcutta. In "Dictionnaire universel d'Histoire naturelle" by Mr

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The Great Banyan Tree (b/w photo)

The Great Banyan Tree (b/w photo)
8637014 The Great Banyan Tree (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: The Great Banyan Tree)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The Grand Hotel, Calcutta (b/w photo)

The Grand Hotel, Calcutta (b/w photo)
8637008 The Grand Hotel, Calcutta (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: The Grand Hotel, Calcutta)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Dalhousie Square, Calcutta (b/w photo)

Dalhousie Square, Calcutta (b/w photo)
8637006 Dalhousie Square, Calcutta (b/w photo) by Indian photographer, (19th century) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Dalhousie Square, Calcutta)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Camperdown Linen Works, Scotland, United Kingdom, 1880 (engraving)

Camperdown Linen Works, Scotland, United Kingdom, 1880 (engraving)
863943 Camperdown Linen Works, Scotland, United Kingdom, 1880 (engraving); (add.info.: Camperdown Linen Works, Dundee, Angus, Scotland. Proprietors, Cox Brothers)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: British troops parading on the Esplanade, Calcutta, India. Mid-19th century steel engraving

British troops parading on the Esplanade, Calcutta, India. Mid-19th century steel engraving
536741 British troops parading on the Esplanade, Calcutta, India. Mid-19th century steel engraving.; Universal History Archive/UIG

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Part of the Maidan and River, Calcutta (engraving)

Part of the Maidan and River, Calcutta (engraving)
8647376 Part of the Maidan and River, Calcutta (engraving) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Part of the Maidan and River, Calcutta)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Bombay-Calcutta Mail on the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (colour litho)

Bombay-Calcutta Mail on the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (colour litho)
8635191 Bombay-Calcutta Mail on the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (colour litho) by English School, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Westminster School, London: The Madras Cup (b/w photo)

Westminster School, London: The Madras Cup (b/w photo)
8675504 Westminster School, London: The Madras Cup (b/w photo) by English Photographer, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: The Madras Cup)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Black Hole Monument at Dalhousie Square in Calcutta, monument moved to St

Black Hole Monument at Dalhousie Square in Calcutta, monument moved to St. John's Church cemetery in July 1940
3562757 Black Hole Monument at Dalhousie Square in Calcutta, monument moved to St. John's Church cemetery in July 1940 by Unknown photographer, (20th century); (add.info.: Calcutta)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Inscription that remembers the story of 'Black Hole' one of the moments related to the history of

Inscription that remembers the story of "Black Hole" one of the moments related to the history of Indian
3562761 Inscription that remembers the story of "Black Hole" one of the moments related to the history of Indian independence against British domination in Calcutta by Unknown photographer

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Course road in Calcutta, India, historical illustration, wood engraving, circa 1888

Course road in Calcutta, India, historical illustration, wood engraving, circa 1888
UIG5414361 Course road in Calcutta, India, historical illustration, wood engraving, circa 1888; UIG

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The ship Charlotte from Chittagong, Bangladesh, and other ships

The ship Charlotte from Chittagong, Bangladesh, and other ships, anchored in the Hugli River (India), in Calcutta
MMM5460161 The ship Charlotte from Chittagong, Bangladesh, and other ships, anchored in the Hugli River (India), in Calcutta. Oil on canvas, 1792, by Franz Balthazar Solvyns (1760-1824)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: The Banyan Tree - Howrah's great banian - Bengal fig tree, a remarkable tree whose aerial roots

The Banyan Tree - Howrah's great banian - Bengal fig tree, a remarkable tree whose aerial roots form a forest
CSO4984687 The Banyan Tree - Howrah's great banian - Bengal fig tree, a remarkable tree whose aerial roots form a forest occupying more than one hectare of surface

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Illustration depicting King Edward VII, presiding at a Grand Chapter of the Star of India at

Illustration depicting King Edward VII, presiding at a Grand Chapter of the Star of India at Calcutta
3523054 Illustration depicting King Edward VII, presiding at a Grand Chapter of the Star of India at Calcutta; (add.info.: Illustration depicting King Edward VII (1841-1910)

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Victoria Memorial in Calcutta

Victoria Memorial in Calcutta
3562765 Victoria Memorial in Calcutta by Unknown photographer, (20th century); (add.info.: Calcutta, India 1920-1930 Date of Artwork: 1910-1921 Photographer: Unidentified Author); Alinari Archives

Background imageCity Of Calcutta Collection: Map of northern India with Calcutta, c.1900 (engraving)

Map of northern India with Calcutta, c.1900 (engraving)
533016 Map of northern India with Calcutta, c.1900 (engraving); (add.info.: Map showing the historical boundaries of the northern part of India with an inset map of Calcutta (now Kolkata)



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"Exploring the Rich Heritage and History of the City of Calcutta" Step into the enchanting world of Calcutta, a city steeped in history and culture. From its early days as a bustling trading post to its role as the capital of British India, Calcutta has witnessed countless stories unfold within its vibrant streets. In an engraving by Sir Acquin Martin, we catch a glimpse of the city's architectural beauty with intricate details adorning Hindu buildings in Kolkata. This handcoloured copperplate drawing by Andrea Bernieri showcases the diverse influences that have shaped this metropolis over centuries. View of Calcutta, c. 1790, captured on canvas, transports us back to an era when grandeur and opulence defined this thriving hub. The painting depicts a scene showcasing various nationalities known in India – from Northern Indian to Mongol, Persian to Mughal – highlighting Calcutta's cosmopolitan nature even then. However, not all chapters in Calcutta's history are filled with splendor. In 1885, tragedy struck as General Charles George Gordon fell victim to Mahdists' violence in Khartoum. Similarly grim is "Terrorism in British India, " depicted vividly through colour lithography – reminding us of turbulent times faced by this city. Calamity also befell during famines that plagued Bengal; engravings like "The Famine in India" and "The Famine in Bengal" capture heart-wrenching scenes where locals struggled for survival amidst scarcity. These images serve as poignant reminders of resilience amid adversity. Yet amidst darkness emerges hope - black-and-white photographs reveal Burning Ghat at Calcutta where rituals symbolize life's cyclical nature while Aarons rod swallowing serpents signifies triumph over evil forces depicted through colourful lithography. Notable figures also left their mark on this illustrious city: Surajah Dowlah, Nawab of Bengal, is immortalized in a lithograph.