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Second Franco Hova War Collection

"The Second Franco-Hova War: A Clash of Empires in Madagascar" In the late 19th and early 20th century

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The French expedition to Madagascar (colour litho)

The French expedition to Madagascar (colour litho)
2818669 The French expedition to Madagascar (colour litho) by Tofani, Oswaldo (1849-1915) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: The French expedition to Madagascar)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The Hova army, Madagascar (colour litho)

The Hova army, Madagascar (colour litho)
2818639 The Hova army, Madagascar (colour litho) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: The Hova army, Madagascar. L armee Hova. Reguliers. Marakely, garde de la reine)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: A raft carrying French soldiers returning home from Madagascar (colour litho)

A raft carrying French soldiers returning home from Madagascar (colour litho)
2818712 A raft carrying French soldiers returning home from Madagascar (colour litho) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Return of the French 200th Regiment from Madagascar (colour litho)

Return of the French 200th Regiment from Madagascar (colour litho)
2818707 Return of the French 200th Regiment from Madagascar (colour litho) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Return of the French 200th Regiment from Madagascar)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The Madagascar expedition (colour litho)

The Madagascar expedition (colour litho)
2818643 The Madagascar expedition (colour litho) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: The Madagascar expedition. French troops capturing a Hova encampment)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: President Faure acclaimed by the crowd at the Camp de Sathonay (colour litho)

President Faure acclaimed by the crowd at the Camp de Sathonay (colour litho)
2818628 President Faure acclaimed by the crowd at the Camp de Sathonay (colour litho) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Sick and wounded French soldiers returning from Madagascar (engraving)

Sick and wounded French soldiers returning from Madagascar (engraving)
2789432 Sick and wounded French soldiers returning from Madagascar (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: French expedition to Madagascar (engraving)

French expedition to Madagascar (engraving)
2789410 French expedition to Madagascar (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: French expedition to Madagascar. Sounding the alert at a forward outpost)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: French Army mules being loaded onto a ship bound for Madagascar at Marseilles (engraving)

French Army mules being loaded onto a ship bound for Madagascar at Marseilles (engraving)
2789372 French Army mules being loaded onto a ship bound for Madagascar at Marseilles (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: French soldiers attacking the Hova fort of Marovoay, Madagascar (engraving)

French soldiers attacking the Hova fort of Marovoay, Madagascar (engraving)
2789367 French soldiers attacking the Hova fort of Marovoay, Madagascar (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: French Army review at the Camp of Sathonay (engraving)

French Army review at the Camp of Sathonay (engraving)
2789352 French Army review at the Camp of Sathonay (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: French Army review at the Camp of Sathonay)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: General Duchesne and his senior officers at the Camp of Sathonay, France (engraving)

General Duchesne and his senior officers at the Camp of Sathonay, France (engraving)
2789348 General Duchesne and his senior officers at the Camp of Sathonay, France (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: French expedition to Madagascar. A street in Antananarivo (colour litho)

French expedition to Madagascar. A street in Antananarivo (colour litho)
2818685 French expedition to Madagascar. A street in Antananarivo (colour litho) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: French expedition to Madagascar)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Enrolment of Russian volunteers for the French expedition to Madagascar in St Petersburg

Enrolment of Russian volunteers for the French expedition to Madagascar in St Petersburg (colour litho)
2818634 Enrolment of Russian volunteers for the French expedition to Madagascar in St Petersburg (colour litho) by French School

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Patriotic demonstration (colour litho)

Patriotic demonstration (colour litho)
2818621 Patriotic demonstration (colour litho) by Meyer, Henri (1841-99) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Patriotic demonstration)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Conscripts on the island of Reunion enrolling to serve in the French Army in Madagascar

Conscripts on the island of Reunion enrolling to serve in the French Army in Madagascar (colour litho)
2818609 Conscripts on the island of Reunion enrolling to serve in the French Army in Madagascar (colour litho) by Tofani, Oswaldo (1849-1915) (after); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The capture of Antananarivo, Madagascar, by the French (engraving)

The capture of Antananarivo, Madagascar, by the French (engraving)
2789441 The capture of Antananarivo, Madagascar, by the French (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: The capture of Antananarivo, Madagascar, by the French)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Scenes and portraits from Madagascar (engraving)

Scenes and portraits from Madagascar (engraving)
2789391 Scenes and portraits from Madagascar (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Scenes and portraits from Madagascar)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The French invasion of Madagascar (engraving)

The French invasion of Madagascar (engraving)
2789354 The French invasion of Madagascar (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: The French invasion of Madagascar. A call to arms at Antananarivo)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: French troops advancing on Antananarivo, Madagascar (engraving)

French troops advancing on Antananarivo, Madagascar (engraving)
2789439 French troops advancing on Antananarivo, Madagascar (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: French troops advancing on Antananarivo, Madagascar)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: French soldiers departing Marseilles for Madagascar (engraving)

French soldiers departing Marseilles for Madagascar (engraving)
2789360 French soldiers departing Marseilles for Madagascar (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: A French soldier back from Madagascar (colour litho)

A French soldier back from Madagascar (colour litho)
2818708 A French soldier back from Madagascar (colour litho) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: A French soldier back from Madagascar. Tableaux Parisiens)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Militar ceremony at the Camp of Sathonay (colour litho)

Militar ceremony at the Camp of Sathonay (colour litho)
2818626 Militar ceremony at the Camp of Sathonay (colour litho) by Tofani, Oswaldo (1849-1915) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Militar ceremony at the Camp of Sathonay, near Lyon)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Events in Madagascar (colour litho)

Events in Madagascar (colour litho)
2818606 Events in Madagascar (colour litho) by Meyer, Henri (1841-99) (after); Private Collection; (add.info.: Events in Madagascar. Charles Le Myre de Vilers and his expedition reaching the coast)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Dinner hosted by President Faure of France in honour of General Duschesne (colour litho)

Dinner hosted by President Faure of France in honour of General Duschesne (colour litho)
2818725 Dinner hosted by President Faure of France in honour of General Duschesne (colour litho) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The French expedition to Madagascar. Victory! (colour litho)

The French expedition to Madagascar. Victory! (colour litho)
2818686 The French expedition to Madagascar. Victory! (colour litho) by Meaulle, Fortune Louis (1844-1901); Private Collection; (add.info.: The French expedition to Madagascar)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Saying farewell to French soldiers setting off on the expediton to Madagascar (colour litho)

Saying farewell to French soldiers setting off on the expediton to Madagascar (colour litho)
2818633 Saying farewell to French soldiers setting off on the expediton to Madagascar (colour litho) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: French soldiers setting off from Paris for the expedition to Madagascar (engraving)

French soldiers setting off from Paris for the expedition to Madagascar (engraving)
2789343 French soldiers setting off from Paris for the expedition to Madagascar (engraving) by French School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Uniforms of the French Army on the expedition to Madagascar (colour litho)

Uniforms of the French Army on the expedition to Madagascar (colour litho)
2818632 Uniforms of the French Army on the expedition to Madagascar (colour litho) by Meyer, Henri (1841-99) (after); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The Capture of Marovoay by the French, Madagascar, 19th-20th century

The Capture of Marovoay by the French, Madagascar, 19th-20th century
The Capture of Marovoay, Madagascar, 1895. France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War (Hova being the name of the islands Merina aristocrats)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The Capture of Marovoay, Madagascar, 1895

The Capture of Marovoay, Madagascar, 1895. France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War (Hova being the name of the islands Merina aristocrats)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The Queens Palace, Tananarive, Madagascar, 1897. Artist: Henri Meyer

The Queens Palace, Tananarive, Madagascar, 1897. Artist: Henri Meyer
The Queens Palace, Tananarive, Madagascar, 1897. After conquering Madagascar in the Second Franco-Hova War in 1896, France annexed the island

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Senegalese troops, Madagascar, 1897. Artist: Oswaldo Tofani

Senegalese troops, Madagascar, 1897. Artist: Oswaldo Tofani
Senegalese troops, Madagascar, 1897. After conquering Madagascar in the Second Franco-Hova War in 1896, France annexed the island. An illustration from Le Petit Journal, 10th October 1897

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: A French soldier back home from Madagascar, 1896

A French soldier back home from Madagascar, 1896. France invaded the independent island kingdom of Madagascar in 1895. By 1896 the island had been conquered and was annexed by France

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Events in Madagascar: the repatriation of French troops, 1896. Artist: F Meaulle

Events in Madagascar: the repatriation of French troops, 1896. Artist: F Meaulle
Events in Madagascar: the repatriation of French troops, 1896. France invaded the independent island kingdom of Madagascar in 1895. By 1896 the island had been conquered and was annexed by France

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The capture of a Hova camp, Madagascar, 1895. Artist: Henri Meyer

The capture of a Hova camp, Madagascar, 1895. Artist: Henri Meyer
The capture of a Hova camp, Madagascar, 1895. France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War (Hova being the name of the islands Merina aristocrats)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Madagascar expedition, 1895. Artist: Oswaldo Tofani

Madagascar expedition, 1895. Artist: Oswaldo Tofani
Madagascar expedition, 1895. France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War (Hova being the name of the islands Merina aristocrats)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The departure of French troops to Madagascar, Paris, 1895. Artist: Henri Meyer

The departure of French troops to Madagascar, Paris, 1895. Artist: Henri Meyer
The departure of French troops to Madagascar, Paris, 1895. France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War (Hova being the name of the islands Merina aristocrats)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: General Jacques Duchesne, commander of the French expeditionary force to Madagascar, 1894

General Jacques Duchesne, commander of the French expeditionary force to Madagascar, 1894. Artist: Henri Meyer
General Jacques Duchesne, commander of the French expeditionary force to Madagascar, 1894. France invaded Madagascar in 1895 to bring the island under its colonial rule

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: A column of the French Foreign Legion advancing towards Tananarive, Madagascar, 1895

A column of the French Foreign Legion advancing towards Tananarive, Madagascar, 1895. France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: French Reconnaissance Troops, Madagascar Expedition, 1883-1896

French Reconnaissance Troops, Madagascar Expedition, 1883-1896. France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: Handing over the Flag to the Expeditionary Troops, Madagascar, 1883-1896

Handing over the Flag to the Expeditionary Troops, Madagascar, 1883-1896. France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: An Engagement against the Hovas of Madagascar, 1883-1896

An Engagement against the Hovas of Madagascar, 1883-1896
An Engagement against the Hovas of Madagascar. 1883-1896. France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War (Hova being the name of the islands Merina aristocrats)

Background imageSecond Franco Hova War Collection: The royal princesses preaching the holy war in Madagascar, 1894. Artist: Oswaldo Tofani

The royal princesses preaching the holy war in Madagascar, 1894. Artist: Oswaldo Tofani
The royal princesses preaching the holy war in Madagascar, 1894. Madagascar was an independent kingdom ruled by Queen Ravanolova III of the Merina dynasty


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"The Second Franco-Hova War: A Clash of Empires in Madagascar" In the late 19th and early 20th century, a significant conflict unfolded on the island of Madagascar - the Second Franco-Hova War. This war was marked by intense battles, political maneuvering, and the clash of two powerful empires. One pivotal event during this war was "The Capture of Marovoay by the French. " In 1895, French forces successfully seized control over Marovoay, a strategic town in Madagascar. This victory showcased their military prowess and set the stage for further advancements. As tensions escalated between France and Madagascar, "The Hova Army" emerged as a formidable opponent to French expansionism. The Hovas were determined to defend their sovereignty against foreign encroachment. Color lithographs depict both sides preparing for battle with unwavering determination. "The French Expedition to Madagascar" became an iconic image associated with this conflict. With vibrant colors capturing its grandeur, this lithograph symbolized France's imperial ambitions as they sought to extend their influence across oceans. Amidst these clashes, poignant scenes emerged from this war-torn land. "Sick and wounded French soldiers returning from Madagascar" depicted the human cost of warfare while "Burial of a French officer killed fighting in Madagascar" paid tribute to those who made ultimate sacrifices. Back home in France, emotions ran high as people celebrated victories like "President Faure acclaimed by the crowd at Camp de Sathonay. " These moments reflected national pride but also highlighted public support for military endeavors abroad. Meanwhile, logistical challenges arose as seen in engravings such as "French Army mules being loaded onto a ship bound for Madagascar at Marseilles. " Such images shed light on behind-the-scenes efforts required to sustain distant campaigns. Ultimately, through various conflicts captured within these historical visuals - be it triumphs or tragedies - one thing remains clear: The Second Franco-Hova War was a significant chapter in Madagascar's history.