Papyrus of Ani (Book of the Dead) - The Judgement
(Above) -Twelve Gods seated in Order, as judges before a table of offerings. (Below) - The Psychostasia of Weighing of the Conscience of Ani. The Jackal-headed Anubis trying (in the balance) the heart of the deceased against the feather (symbolising the law). On the left, Ani and his wife cn be seen in a pose of devotion; on the right an Ibis-headed Thoth, the Scribe of the Gods, notes down the resultsof this trial, whilst behind, the monster Amemit, the Devourer, looms menacingly. On the left of the balance, Shai (Destiny) with two Goddesses Renenit and Meschenit behind, all under the soul of Ani (symbolisedby a human-headed hawk and the symbol of a cradle). Date: around 1550 BCE
© Mary Evans / Grenville Collins Postcard Collection
Roman architectural ornament and sculpture, (1898). Creator: P Burkhardt
Roman architectural ornament and sculpture, (1898). 'Fig 1: Corinthian capital from the Pantheon at Rome. Fig 2: Head of a candelabrum from the Vatican Museum. Fig 3: Composite capital from a temple of Juno at Rome. Fig 4: Fragment of a frieze, found in the Villa of Hadrian at Tivoli, now in the Lateran Museum at Rome. Figs 5 and 7: Rosettes from the Vatican Museum. Fig 6: Fragment of a frieze from Rome. Figs 8 and 11: Bases of columns from the later Roman period. Figs 9 and 10: Members of cornices from the ruins of the Imperial palaces on the Palatine...In Roman ornament the different forms of leaves often are idealised in such a rigid manner, that their natural origin is hardly to be recognized. Most frequently employed was the acanthus-leaf...Besides this we find oak-leaves, laurel, pine apples, vine-leaves, palm, ivy, aloe, convolvulus, cornear, poppy etc'. Plate 7 from "The Historic Styles of Ornament" translated from the German of H. Dolmetsch. [B.T. Batford, London, 1898]
© The Print Collector/Heritage Images
Grotesque mandala at the Dazu Caves, China
The spectacular Dazu Rock Carvings in Sichuan are a diverse series of Chinese religious sculptures and carvings, dating back as far as the 7th century; these feature an eclectic range of Buddhist, Confucian and Taoist beliefs. Some are in rock-cut cave shrines, others are rock reliefs carved into the open rock faces.
A mandala such as this is a spiritual and ritual symbol in Indian religions, including Buddhism; it metaphysically represents the universe and cosmic order.
© Jon Bower at Apexphotos