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Refraction Collection

Refraction: Unveiling the Mysteries of Light In the realm of science, it has long been a captivating phenomenon

Background imageRefraction Collection: Copper and magnesium sulphate, LM

Copper and magnesium sulphate, LM
Copper and magnesium sulphate crystals. Polarised light micrograph (LM) of copper sulphate (CuSO4) and magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) crystals

Background imageRefraction Collection: Light refraction

Light refraction
Refraction. Computer artwork of white light being refracted as it passes through an equilateral triangular prism. Light changes direction, or is refracted

Background imageRefraction Collection: Descartes optics theory, 17th century

Descartes optics theory, 17th century
Descartes optics theory, artwork. This is the eye diagram from Descartes book Optics (1637). Three external points are shown depicted on the retina at the back of the eye

Background imageRefraction Collection: Copper sulphate crystals, LM

Copper sulphate crystals, LM
Copper sulphate crystals. Polarised light micrograph (LM) of copper sulphate (CuSO4) crystals

Background imageRefraction Collection: Reflections of clouds in ripples of sea water, Svalbard, Norway, June 2010

Reflections of clouds in ripples of sea water, Svalbard, Norway, June 2010

Background imageRefraction Collection: Illustration of Isaac Newtons prism experiment, showing white sunlight split by a prism into the co

Illustration of Isaac Newtons prism experiment, showing white sunlight split by a prism into the co

Background imageRefraction Collection: Pierre de Fermat, caricature C015 / 6714

Pierre de Fermat, caricature C015 / 6714
Pierre de Fermat, caricature

Background imageRefraction Collection: Fresnel Lens DP348530

Fresnel Lens DP348530
The Lighthouse, Lighthouse Road, Flamborough Head, Flamborough, East Riding of Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire. Detail of the middle of the lighthouse's first-order Fresnel lens

Background imageRefraction Collection: Fresnel Lens DP348540

Fresnel Lens DP348540
The Lighthouse, Lighthouse Road, Flamborough Head, Flamborough, East Riding of Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire. Detail of shaped glass on the lighthouse's first-order Fresnel lens

Background imageRefraction Collection: Green Turtle, (Chelonia mydas), Swimming over volcanic sandy bottom, Armenime cove

Green Turtle, (Chelonia mydas), Swimming over volcanic sandy bottom, Armenime cove, South Tenerife coast, Canary Islands, Spain, Atlantic Ocean, May 2011

Background imageRefraction Collection: Molecular orbitals

Molecular orbitals. Computer model of a mixture of molecular orbitals. The electrons in molecules can be arranged in different patterns, giving rise to different energies

Background imageRefraction Collection: Copper sulphate crystals, LM

Copper sulphate crystals, LM
Copper sulphate crystals. Polarised light micrograph (LM) of copper sulphate (CuSO4) crystals

Background imageRefraction Collection: Copper and magnesium sulphate

Copper and magnesium sulphate
Copper sulphate and magnesium sulphate crystals, polarised light micrograph

Background imageRefraction Collection: Diamond refracting light F008 / 3207

Diamond refracting light F008 / 3207
Diamond refracting light

Background imageRefraction Collection: Sunlight underwater

Sunlight underwater. Photographed in the Maldives

Background imageRefraction Collection: Copper sulphate crystals

Copper sulphate crystals. Polarised light micrograph of copper sulphate (CuS04) crystals

Background imageRefraction Collection: Copper and magnesium sulphate, LM

Copper and magnesium sulphate, LM
Copper and magnesium sulphate crystals. Polarised light micrograph (LM) of copper sulphate (CuSO4) and magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) crystals

Background imageRefraction Collection: Abstract op art: sphere refracting parallel lines in front of a striped black and white background

Abstract op art: sphere refracting parallel lines in front of a striped black and white background

Background imageRefraction Collection: Fixed expressiveness

Fixed expressiveness
Brig Barkow

Background imageRefraction Collection: Fancy. Watercolor Ink Painting

Fancy. Watercolor Ink Painting
Johan Liewendahl

Background imageRefraction Collection: Atmospheric refraction

Atmospheric refraction
5311876 Atmospheric refraction; (add.info.: Engraving depicting atmospheric refraction. Rene Descartes diagram explaining the rainbow)

Background imageRefraction Collection: A Table of the Refraction of the Air

A Table of the Refraction of the Air
5311868 A Table of the Refraction of the Air; (add.info.: A Table of the Refraction of the Air: Using a glass U-tube and a column of mercury)

Background imageRefraction Collection: A Table of the Refraction of the Air

A Table of the Refraction of the Air
5311867 A Table of the Refraction of the Air; (add.info.: A Table of the Refraction of the Air: Using a glass U-tube and a column of mercury)

Background imageRefraction Collection: An engraving depicting the refraction of a beam of light in a bowl of water

An engraving depicting the refraction of a beam of light in a bowl of water
5311290 An engraving depicting the refraction of a beam of light in a bowl of water. The beam of light is bent because light changes direction as it moves from one medium to another (air to water)

Background imageRefraction Collection: Engraving depicting a double convex lens, showing refraction of light and the conjugate focus (b)

Engraving depicting a double convex lens, showing refraction of light and the conjugate focus (b, a), 19th century
5309416 Engraving depicting a double convex lens, showing refraction of light and the conjugate focus (b, a), 19th century; (add.info.: Engraving depicting a double convex lens)

Background imageRefraction Collection: Sir Norman Lockyer

Sir Norman Lockyer
5309992 Sir Norman Lockyer; (add.info.: Engraving depicting Sir Norman Lockyer observing the solar spectrum through multiple-prism spectroscope fitted to a refracting telescope)

Background imageRefraction Collection: Diagram explaining the Christiaan Huygens wave theory of light by refraction

Diagram explaining the Christiaan Huygens wave theory of light by refraction
5310316 Diagram explaining the Christiaan Huygens wave theory of light by refraction; (add.info.: Diagram explaining the Christiaan Huygens wave theory of light by refraction)

Background imageRefraction Collection: An engraving depicting refraction: a piece of wood appearing to be bent where it enters the water

An engraving depicting refraction: a piece of wood appearing to be bent where it enters the water because the path of
5311289 An engraving depicting refraction: a piece of wood appearing to be bent where it enters the water because the path of light alters as it moves from one medium to another

Background imageRefraction Collection: Picture No. 12479817

Picture No. 12479817
Light refraction on the wall. Spectrum of colours. Date:

Background imageRefraction Collection: RF- Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostrus) portrait in Three Sisters Spring

RF- Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostrus) portrait in Three Sisters Spring. Crystal River, Florida, USA. February 2010

Background imageRefraction Collection: Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) approaching with curiosity, Dolphin Reef, Eilat, Israel

Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) approaching with curiosity, Dolphin Reef, Eilat, Israel. Red Sea

Background imageRefraction Collection: Blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus) swimming in shallow crystal clear water

Blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus) swimming in shallow crystal clear water, Aldabra Atoll, Seychelles, Indian Ocean

Background imageRefraction Collection: Underwater scene where light and water interplay on a shallow sand bank, Grand Cayman

Underwater scene where light and water interplay on a shallow sand bank, Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands, British West Indies, Caribbean Sea, September 2005

Background imageRefraction Collection: Descartes experiment showing refraction by a prism and the formation of colours from white light

Descartes experiment showing refraction by a prism and the formation of colours from white light, 17th century
5311537 Descartes experiment showing refraction by a prism and the formation of colours from white light, 17th century; Universal History Archive/UIG

Background imageRefraction Collection: An engraving depicting Isaac Newton's experiment showing how a prism refracted a beam of light

An engraving depicting Isaac Newton's experiment showing how a prism refracted a beam of light
5310949 An engraving depicting Isaac Newton's experiment showing how a prism refracted a beam of light and broken down into the colours of the spectrum (right)

Background imageRefraction Collection: Illustration by Rene Descartes, showing the refraction of light

Illustration by Rene Descartes, showing the refraction of light. From Opera Philosophica; Frankfurt; 1692
5311507 Illustration by Rene Descartes, showing the refraction of light. From Opera Philosophica; Frankfurt; 1692; Universal History Archive/UIG

Background imageRefraction Collection: refraction

refraction
Linda Wride

Background imageRefraction Collection: Cross Hairs

Cross Hairs
Renee Doyle

Background imageRefraction Collection: Cross section illustrations of human eyes with concave and concave lenses looking at green tree

Cross section illustrations of human eyes with concave and concave lenses looking at green tree
Arrow Sign, Astigmatism, Biomedical Illustration, Concave, Convex, Cross Section, Direction, Directly Above, Eyesight, Focus, Green, Human Eye, Lens, Light, Long, Looking, No People, Part Of

Background imageRefraction Collection: I have a white short coat

I have a white short coat
Leah Xu

Background imageRefraction Collection: Fixed expressiveness

Fixed expressiveness
Brig Barkow

Background imageRefraction Collection: White-vented storm petrel (Oceanites gracilis galapagoensis) walking

White-vented storm petrel (Oceanites gracilis galapagoensis) walking on surface of water whilst foraging, Galapagos

Background imageRefraction Collection: North American River Otter (Lontra canadensis) two swimming near the surface with

North American River Otter (Lontra canadensis) two swimming near the surface with autumn leaves reflected in water, Acadia National Park, Maine, USA, October

Background imageRefraction Collection: European Greenfinch (Chloris chloris) flying at dawn

European Greenfinch (Chloris chloris) flying at dawn. When backlit the tiny transparent barbs that make up the feather act like a prism revealing vivid colours in the early light

Background imageRefraction Collection: Detail of small waves on the eastern Atlantic. Isle of Coll, Scotland, October 2012

Detail of small waves on the eastern Atlantic. Isle of Coll, Scotland, October 2012

Background imageRefraction Collection: North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) two in water with autumnal trees reflected

North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) two in water with autumnal trees reflected in the water, Acadia National Park, Maine, USA, October

Background imageRefraction Collection: Grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) scavenging fish around trawlers in Lerwick harbour

Grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) scavenging fish around trawlers in Lerwick harbour, Shetland Isles, Scotland, UK, October 2012

Background imageRefraction Collection: Transparent ice formation on Lake Baikal, Siberia, Russia, March 2012

Transparent ice formation on Lake Baikal, Siberia, Russia, March 2012



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Refraction: Unveiling the Mysteries of Light In the realm of science, it has long been a captivating phenomenon. Dating back to the 17th century, René Descartes' optics theory shed light on this intriguing concept. Through his experiments with copper and magnesium sulphate, he unraveled the secrets behind how light bends as it passes through different mediums. Imagine peering into a microscope and witnessing the mesmerizing beauty of copper sulphate crystals under high magnification (LM). Their intricate patterns seem to dance before your eyes, showcasing nature's artistic prowess. Venturing beyond laboratories, let us dive into Armenime Cove's turquoise waters where a graceful Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) glides effortlessly over volcanic sandy bottoms. As sunlight penetrates the water's surface, refraction transforms its path, creating an ethereal spectacle that enchants both divers and marine life alike. Isaac Newton's prism experiment comes to mind—a groundbreaking illustration depicting white sunlight splitting into various colors when passing through a prism (co). This revelation revolutionized our understanding of light and paved the way for further exploration in optics. Pierre de Fermat enters our narrative—an influential figure whose caricature captures his contribution to unraveling mysteries related to refraction (C015 / 6714). His work laid foundations for comprehending how light interacts with matter at molecular levels—unveiling molecular orbitals that govern these interactions. Returning to those enchanting copper sulphate crystals under microscopic observation (LM), we are reminded once again of their role in deepening our knowledge about refraction. These tiny structures hold within them vast insights into how light behaves when traversing different substances. As we journey across continents, we find ourselves amidst Brazil's Amazonia region—home to one of Earth's most enigmatic creatures—the Amazon river dolphin (Inia geoffrensis).