The Shield of Achilles, used in his battle with Hector
The Shield of Achilles, used in his battle with Hector. Scenes include the earth, sky and sea, the sun, the moon and the constellations, two beautiful cities full of people, a field being ploughed, a king's estate where the harvest is being reaped, a vineyard with grape pickers, a herd of straight-horned cattle, a sheep farm, young men and women dancing, the great stream of Ocean. Scudo di Achille. Handcoloured copperplate engraving by Angelo Monticelli from Giulio Ferrario's Costumes Ancient and Modern of the Peoples of the World, Il Costume Antico e Moderno, Florence, 1842
Ancient Roman costume
Ancient Roman costume from the time of the late Roman Republic -- warriors, legionnaires (infantry soldiers), a cavalryman, a centurion, an emperor in purple (red), an ensign bearer, a standard bearer, gladiators (a murmillo, a thraex, a hoplomachus, a retiarius), personifications of Roma, and Horus.
© Mary Evans Picture Library
Allegory of the Battle of Salamis, 1858 (oil on canvas)
2973583 Allegory of the Battle of Salamis, 1858 (oil on canvas) by Kaulbach, Wilhelm von (1805-74); length: 535 cm; Bayerische Landtag, Munich, Germany; (add.info.: The Battle of Salamis was a naval battle fought between an alliance of Greek city-states under Themistocles and the Persian Empire under King Xerxes in 480 BC which resulted in a decisive victory for the outnumbered Greeks. The battle was fought in the straits between the mainland and Salamis, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens, and marked the high-point of the second Persian invasion of Greece.); A© Giancarlo Costa; German, out of copyright
© © Giancarlo Costa / Bridgeman Images