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Philosopher Collection

In the vast realm of philosophy, great minds have shaped our understanding of the world and ourselves

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Alcuin of York (730-804). Alcuin presents to Rabanus Maurus

Alcuin of York (730-804). Alcuin presents to Rabanus Maurus
Alcuin of York, or Ealhwine, nicknamed or Flaccus (730-804). English scholar, ecclesiastic, poet and teacher from York, Northumbria. Alcuin presents to Rabanus Maurus to Saint Martin. Miniature

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Friedrich Nietzche (1844-1900), German philosopher and writer (b / w photo)

Friedrich Nietzche (1844-1900), German philosopher and writer (b / w photo)
817665 Friedrich Nietzche (1844-1900), German philosopher and writer (b/w photo) by German Photographer, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Friedrich Nietzche (1844-1900)

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Hegel & Napoleon

Hegel & Napoleon
GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH HEGEL German philosopher depicted on the occasion of his encounter with the emperor Napoleon at Jena, 1806

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche
FRIEDRICH WILHELM NIETZSCHE German philosopher

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: The Death of Socrates, 1787 (oil on canvas)

The Death of Socrates, 1787 (oil on canvas)
XOS1127648 The Death of Socrates, 1787 (oil on canvas) by David, Jacques Louis (1748-1825); 129.5x196 cm; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA; (add.info.: Socrates (c.469-399 BC)

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Ludwig Wittgenstein, caricature

Ludwig Wittgenstein, caricature
Ludwig Wittgenstein. Caricature of the Austrian-British philosopher Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (1889-1951). Wittgenstein is considered by many to be the greatest philosopher of the 20th

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant
Portrait of Immanuel Kant. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Giordano Bruno Burns

Giordano Bruno Burns
GIORDANO BRUNO Italian philosopher, arrested by the Inquisition and burnt at the stake in Rome for scientific heresy, 17 February 1600

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Rudolph Steiner

Rudolph Steiner
RUDOLPH STEINER Austrian philosopher, in the 1920s

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: David Hume, caricature

David Hume, caricature
David Hume. Caricature of the British philosopher and historian David Hume (1711-1776). Hume influenced the development of scepticism and empiricism

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Jean-Paul Sartre, French writer and philosopher

Jean-Paul Sartre, French writer and philosopher
A graffiti comment on Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980), the French writer and philosopher -- no doubt a witty reference to his existentialist philosophy

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Aristotle and Plato: detail of School of Athens, 1510-11 (fresco) (detail of 472)

Aristotle and Plato: detail of School of Athens, 1510-11 (fresco) (detail of 472)
PHD70599 Aristotle and Plato: detail of School of Athens, 1510-11 (fresco) (detail of 472) by Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio of Urbino) (1483-1520); Vatican Museums and Galleries, Vatican City; Italian

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Nietzsche

Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche. Digitally colored woodcut

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: The Death of Seneca, 1871 (oil on canvas)

The Death of Seneca, 1871 (oil on canvas)
FIA5401488 The Death of Seneca, 1871 (oil on canvas) by Dominguez y Sanchez, Manuel (1840-1906); 270x540 cm; Prado, Madrid, Spain; (add.info.: Seneca the Younger)

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Emerald Tablet, Smaragdine Table or Tabula Smaragdina

Emerald Tablet, Smaragdine Table or Tabula Smaragdina. Work attributed to the legendary alchemist Hermes Trismegistus who summarizes the process Magnum Opus or Great work for the creation of

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Sir Isaac Newton, English mathematician

Sir Isaac Newton, English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, theologian and occultist

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: SARTRE & BEAUVOIR, 1964. French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre

SARTRE & BEAUVOIR, 1964. French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre and writer Simone Beauvoir having lunch at a cafe in Paris, 1964

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Immanuel Kant, caricature

Immanuel Kant, caricature
Immanuel Kant. Caricature of the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Kant published various influential philosophical works on the natural sciences, particularly geophysics and astronomy

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Immanuel Kant (Dobler)

Immanuel Kant (Dobler)
IMMANUEL KANT German philosopher

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Nasreddin - Seljuq satirist

Nasreddin - Seljuq satirist
Nasreddin or Nasreddin Hodja or Mullah Nasreddin Hooja or Mullah Nasruddin (1208-1284) was a Seljuq satirist, born in Hortu Village in Sivrihisar, Eskisehir Province, Turkey

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Diogenes, 1860 (oil on linen)

Diogenes, 1860 (oil on linen)
WLT207124 Diogenes, 1860 (oil on linen) by Gerome, Jean Leon (1824-1904); 74.5x101 cm; Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, USA; French, out of copyright

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Helena Blavatsky, Russian author and founder of Theosophy, 1889

Helena Blavatsky, Russian author and founder of Theosophy, 1889. Helena Blavatsky, Russian author and founder of Theosophy, 1889

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Saint Jerome in his Study, ca 1475. Artist: Antonello da Messina (ca 1430-1479)

Saint Jerome in his Study, ca 1475. Artist: Antonello da Messina (ca 1430-1479)
Saint Jerome in his Study, ca 1475. Found in the collection of the National Gallery, London

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Septentrionalium Terrarum descriptio, 1595, by Gerardus Merc

Septentrionalium Terrarum descriptio, 1595, by Gerardus Merc
Gerardus Mercator (1512-1594). Flemish cartographer. Septentrionalium Terrarum descriptio. Map of the Arctic with the North Pole and surrounding lands within and outside the Arctic Circle, 1595

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Ramon Llull (1235-1316). Breviculum Codex. Miniature. Baden

Ramon Llull (1235-1316). Breviculum Codex. Miniature. Baden
Ramon Llull (1235-1316). Breviculum Codex. Miniature. Llull preaching. Parchment 92. Page 5r. Baden Memorial Library. Karlsruhe. Germany

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Famous Greek poets and philosophers

Famous Greek poets and philosophers
Illustration of a famous Greek poets and philosophers

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: SARTRE, Jean-Paul (1905-1980); BEAUVOIR, Simone de (1908-198

SARTRE, Jean-Paul (1905-1980); BEAUVOIR, Simone de (1908-1986). French existentialist philosopher and writer.; French novelist

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Hegel

Hegel
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Digitally colored halftone reproduction of a painting by Selbers

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Socrates (Day)

Socrates (Day)
SOCRATES Athenian philosopher

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Aristotle with a Bust of Homer, 1653. Creator: Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn

Aristotle with a Bust of Homer, 1653. Creator: Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn
Aristotle with a Bust of Homer, 1653

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Birstall, W Yorkshire - Unveiling statue of Joseph Priestly

Birstall, W Yorkshire - Unveiling statue of Joseph Priestly
Birstall, W Yorkshire - Unveiling the statue of Joseph Priestly on 12th October 1912 - at this point the unveiling party had adjourned to the Temperance Hall

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Iris Murdoch

Iris Murdoch
Anglo-Irish prize winning novelist, playwright and philosopher, Iris Murdoch (1919 - 1999). (Photo by Evening Standard/Getty Images)

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Statue of Pythagoras (Greek philosopher and mathematician), Pythagorion, Samos, Aegean Islands

Statue of Pythagoras (Greek philosopher and mathematician), Pythagorion, Samos, Aegean Islands, Greece

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: MARTIN HEIDEGGER (1889-1976)

MARTIN HEIDEGGER (1889-1976). German philosopher

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: George Berkeley, Irish philosopher

George Berkeley, Irish philosopher
George Berkeley (1685-1753), Irish philosopher and Bishop of Cloyne (appointed 1734). Berkeley is famous for his philosophical theory concerning the perception of sensations and ideas

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Lao-Tse, Confucius and Buddha

Lao-Tse, Confucius and Buddha
Lao-Tse presenting the child Confucius to Sakyamuni (Buddha).Lao-tse was a philosopher of Ancient China and the founder of philosophical Taoism

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: David Hume, Scottish philosopher

David Hume, Scottish philosopher
David Hume (1711-1776). Historical artwork of the Scottish enlightenment philosopher, historian and economist David Hume. Hume opposed the rationalists such as Descartes in believing that human

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Socrates, caricature

Socrates, caricature
Socrates. Caricature of the Ancient Greek philosopher Socrates (c.470-399 BC). Socrates is credited with introducing a new and critical attitude in philosophy and science

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Professor George Boole (1815-1865)

Professor George Boole (1815-1865)
Engraved portrait of George Boole (1815-1865), the English mathematician, philosopher and inventor of Boolean algebra, pictured c.1865

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Zeno of Elea

Zeno of Elea
ZENON of Elea Greek philosopher

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard
SOREN aBYE KIERKEGaRD Danish philosopher Date: 1813 - 1855

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Bust of Cicero

Bust of Cicero
Bust of Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 BC-46 BC) - a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul, and constitutionalist. Bust in the Capitoline Museum, Rome, Italy

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Duns Scotus (1266-1308). Philosopher-theologians. Scriptum q

Duns Scotus (1266-1308). Philosopher-theologians. Scriptum q
Duns Scotus (1266-1308). Philosopher-theologians of the High Middle Ages. Scholasticism school. Scriptum quartum a Joanne Duns Scoto super quarto sententiarum editum. Edit, 1517

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Socrates (c 469399 BC). Classical Greek Athenian philosophe

Socrates (c 469399 BC). Classical Greek Athenian philosophe
Socrates (c.469-399 BC). Classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Bust. Found at Piazza Venezia. 1st. century. Pentelic marble. Palazzo Massimo. National Roman Museum. Rome. Italy

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: John Venn, caricature C013 / 7595

John Venn, caricature C013 / 7595
John Venn (1834-1923). Caricature of the British logician and philosopher John Venn. Venn is best known for introducing the Venn diagram, which is used in many fields, including set theory

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: KIERKEGaRD, Soren (1813-1855). Danish philosopher

KIERKEGaRD, Soren (1813-1855). Danish philosopher and theologist, precursor of existencialism. Painting

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: MONTAIGNE, Michel de (1533-1592)

MONTAIGNE, Michel de (1533-1592). French writer, humanist and philosopher. French anonymous. Oil on canvas

Background imagePhilosopher Collection: Title-page of the second edition of Thomas Paines pamphlet Common Sense, owned by John Adams

Title-page of the second edition of Thomas Paines pamphlet Common Sense, owned by John Adams
PAINE: COMMON SENSE, 1776. Title-page of the second edition of Thomas Paines pamphlet Common Sense, owned by John Adams



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In the vast realm of philosophy, great minds have shaped our understanding of the world and ourselves. From Hegel's contemplation on history to Nietzsche's provocative ideas, philosophers have left an indelible mark on human thought. Ludwig Wittgenstein, known for his complex philosophical investigations, is often depicted as a caricature - a reflection of his enigmatic nature. His words challenged conventional wisdom and invited us to question the very foundations of language. The Emerald Tablet, also known as Tabula Smaragdina or Smaragdine Table, holds ancient wisdom that transcends time. Its cryptic verses speak of the unity between the microcosm and macrocosm, guiding seekers towards enlightenment. Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir were not only intellectual powerhouses but also partners in life. A candid photograph captures them sharing a meal at a Parisian café in 1964 - their animated conversation echoing their profound philosophies on existentialism and feminism. David Hume, one of Scotland's most influential thinkers, delved into matters of knowledge and skepticism with wit and intellect. A satirical caricature portrays him with exaggerated features that mirror his sharp mind. Immanuel Kant revolutionized moral philosophy by emphasizing reason as the foundation for ethical decision-making. His categorical imperative urged individuals to act according to principles they would want universally applied. Iris Murdoch explored morality through her novels while simultaneously engaging in philosophical discourse. Her works examined themes such as love, virtue, and personal responsibility – inviting readers to reflect upon their own lives. Antonello da Messina's masterpiece "Saint Jerome in his Study" depicts a scene where solitude becomes fertile ground for deep contemplation. This painting encapsulates how philosophers throughout history sought solace within their studies to unravel life's mysteries. From ancient texts like The Emerald Tablet to modern-day intellectuals like Jean-Paul Sartre or Iris Murdoch.